To the Secretary of the Army,
This concerns 92
men buried under the wrong Division when the
Permanent Cemeteries were opened after WWII and the
fact that the U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH) is
not very well versed in WWII documentation. I have
attached a CD (or attached via email) with the
Documentation to go with the information below.
Please see attached Official Documentation in the
History of the 401st Gli Inf shows when
the 2nd Bn, 401st Gli Inf left
never to return.
The 2nd Bn, 401st Gli Inf
officially became the 3rd Bn of the 325th
Gli Inf on March 1, 1945.
It took that long for Washington, D.C. to catch up
on their paperwork (506th Prcht Inf
becoming organic to the 101st Abn Div).
The 101st Abn Div never mentions the 2nd
Bn, 401st Gli Inf again even in the
January 25, 1945 Reorganization.
The 2nd Bn, 401st
Gli Inf was attached on 3 March 1944 to the 82nd Abn
Div. The second Official Documentation shows the
Replacements for the Normandy Campaign on 21 July
1944 coming from the 82nd Abn Div.
All Replacements came from Serv Co of the 325th Gli
Inf for all Companies including the 2nd
Bn, 401st Gli Inf. There are photos as
well showing them wearing the colors of the 82nd
Abn Div. This photo was taken May 24, 1944.
Researched all 92
of these men and have shown through Documentation
that 84 were proven to be 82nd Abn Div men.
I am still awaiting the last 8 IDPFs that will show
that as well.
Here is a complete listing as well.
In the Temporary
Cemeteries they were listed as 82nd Abn Div men who
These pages will see that this Battalion was the 3rd
Bn of the 325th Gli Inf after March 10, 1944.
There are 92
Soldiers buried as 101st Abn Div Soldiers who were
in fact part of the 82nd Abn Div. Below is email
sent to a Niece of an 82nd man who is buried as a
101st Abn Div and would like this situation
corrected as well.
"Pvt Reel was part
of the 325th Gli Inf. The 2nd Bn, 401st Gli Inf
became part of the 82nd Abn Div March 03, 1944 and
became the 3rd Battalion. You uncle was killed on
September 25, 1944. I have attached the Morning
Report showing him MIA and also his EMT (Emergency
Medical Tag) that was filled out at the Cemetery.
Your uncle was killed in the area of Kiekberg Woods.
The 325th Gli Inf anchored the right flank of the
82nd Abn Div.
Pvt Reel is buried
as a member of the 101st Abn Div but that
information is wrong. The ABMC refuses to change the
Headstones for 92 men listed as 101st men when in
reality were 82nd men. Because of that 92 families
don't realize that they were in a whole different
area as they were 82nd men. In the case of you
thought your uncle was killed in the Eindhoven area
but was in Nijmegen 40 miles north. I hope this
In January of this
year (2015) I applied to the Army Review Boards
Agency in Arlington.
I received a response in March of 13, 2015.
It said to contact the Veterans Administration or
the ABMC. I sent the documentation and request for
a change of Headstones. It was sent to Public
Affairs, Martha Sell. More than three months passed
and I then contacted Tim Nosal, Chief of Public
Affairs July 20, 2015 concerning another matter as
it pertained to the ABMC.
I had sent the
same documentation to Ms. Sell as I had to Army
Review Board Agency. It was then received by Mr.
Nosal, Chief of Public Affairs. Instead of sending
me to the proper location as it pertained to this
request he tried to handle this himself after Ms.
Sell had refused to respond. Mr. Nosal was not up
to the task. His grasp of WWII History was
Finally on August 4, 2015 he gave me the name of Mr.
Robert Dalessandro. Before he became Deputy
Secretary at ABMC Mr. Nosal stated that Mr.
Dalessandro was the Chief of the U.S. Army Center of
Military History. This was the contact at the ABMC
I had been looking for since January of this year
(2015). It took 7 months to get the right person.
When I contacted Mr. Dalessandro, Deputy Secretary
at ABMC, he passed me onto the CMH (U.S. Army Center
of History). I called and email Mr. Dalessandro
again to no avail. He didn’t want to speak with the
As bad as Mr.
Nosal was it was nothing compared to what was about
to transpire dealing with the U.S. Army Center of
History. At first all I received from CMH was as a
generic CMH Mailbox Answers and it took 6 weeks for
that response with no name/signature of who I was
dealing with. Finally I was able to embarrass R.
Scott Moore, PhD, Director, Field Programs at the US
Army Center of Military History enough to identify
himself on September 25, 2015.
Mr. Moore cites
numerous examples about the 2nd Bn, 401st
Gli Inf that are wrong. I have attached the
mistakes he cites. All I wanted was to have the 92
Soldiers who were 82nd Abn Div men buried
with the correct Headstone. Dealing with Mr. Moore
was like being in the Twilight Zone. The bottom
line is both the US Army Center of Military History
and the ABMC need to hire people suited for these
Here are examples
of his mistakes (not spelling or grammar, but
substantive matters) in order; His emails are quoted
and the mistakes highlighted in Green.
“The 2d Battalion,
401st Glider Infantry was officially
assigned to the 101st Airborne Division, but was
attached to the 82d Airborne Division from
6 June 1944 to 1
March 1945, when it was consolidated with the 3d
Battalion, 325th Glider Infantry”.
No the 2nd
Bn, 401st Gli Inf was attached to the 82nd
Abn Div March 3, 1944 (paragraph 4 above). The
other mistake here in green in this sentence is when
it was consolidated with the 3rd
Battalion, 325th Gli. It was not
combined with the 3rd Bn it was the 325th
Gli Inf 3rd Bn from March of 1944.
“That fact is substantiated by the official order of
battle produced after the war and available for
(page ETO Order of Battle – DIVISIONS) or link
ORDER OF BATTLE
OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY
WORLD WAR II
OFFICE OF THE
There are so many
errors in this document it can’t be used stating
that the 2nd Bn, 401st Gli Inf
was part of the 101st Avn Div. This was
written months after the war ended and by Historians
who didn’t have the complete documentation showing
that the 2nd Bn, 401st Gli Inf
was in fact part of the 82nd Abn Div.
There are numerous
mistakes in the late 1945 Manuscript itself. Mr.
Moore has based his argument on a flawed document.
I also had asked Mr. Moore repeatedly to tell me
where the original Manuscript was housed. He
refused over and over saying this is just as good.
I also asked him for the names of the Historian who
crated the Order of Battle and once again refused to
share the information with me. Here are the 82nd
Abn Div mistakes in the Order of Battle Manuscript
(not all, just the most obvious ones I could find;
Engineer Battalion should be 307th Airborne Engineer
Prcht Inf (Non-Div)
44-1 Mar 45 (reorganization date when became
organic element of 17th Abn Div)
401st Gli Inf (101st Abn Div)
6 Jun 44-1
They have the 507th
Prcht Inf listed as June 14, 1944 to March 1945.
The 507th Prcht Inf left the 82nd
late in August of 1944, not months later.
They were attached to the 17th Abn Div
shortly after leaving the 82nd Abn Div.
Please remember that I had given the documentation
to Mr. Moore and he claimed to have read them but
obviously he had not as he used the June 6, 1944 for
the 2nd Bn, 401st Gli Inf for
the date of attachment.
Mr. Moore uses the
other attachments as proof that the 2nd
Bn, 401st Gli Inf was no different that
an other attached unit. Two things, one they never
went back to the 401st Gli Inf because
there left never to return. It took the Army months
to get the 3rd Bn, 325th Gli
Inf corrected. They were always considered that
after March 3, 1944. The plan was for the 401st
Gli Inf disbanded before Normandy but as mentioned
the Army in Washington moved slowly at best.
“That the soldiers in the battalion were authorized
by the 82d Abn Div to wear the
and saw themselves as members of that division in no
way changes the historical fact that the 401st and
its subordinate battalions”.
Did any of the
attached units with the 82nd Abn Div or
the 101st Abn Div given authorization to
wear their patch? No.
They in the next
paragraph he states this;
“As for your point about the other Parachute
Infantry Regiments, the official
MTOE for the airborne divisions did not catch up
with the actual organization on the ground until
late in the war.”
Mr. Moore then
states “the 507th PIR
was reassigned to the 17th Airborne Division in
March 1945 for the crossing of the Rhine, and did
not wear the 82d Airborne Division patch for that
No, they became
part of the 17th Abn Div after August of
1944 (mentioned above). The 507th Prcht
Inf was attached to the 17th Abn Div well
before the Ardennes, let alone Varsity. So
according to Mr. Moore the 507th men
killed in Normandy should have been buried under the
17th Abn Div since the 507th
Prcht Inf became organic to the 17th Abn
Div like the 2nd Bn, 401st Gli
Inf was organic to the 101st Abn Div.
Where Moore is getting some of his information is
unknown. The point I was trying to make with Mr.
Moore is that the 507th Prcht Inf was
buried in Normandy as the 82nd Abn Div
After August of
1944 the men who died were members of the 17th
Abn Div. Yet the 401st Gli Inf were
buried as 101st men up until March 1,
1945. Here is a citation for the 101st
Abn Div included this notation;
PARTICIPATION CREDIT (World War II): Normandy (with
arrowhead) Ardennes-Alsace Central Europe
DECORATIONS Presidential Unit Citation (Army),
Streamer embroidered BASTOGNE (401st Glider Infantry
[less 2d Battalion] cited per WD GO 17, 1945)
If the 2nd
Bn, 401st Gli Inf was still part of the
101st Abn Div they would not have had
them listed as [less 2d Battalion].
“The 501st PIR is
a very different case, and
2d Abn Inf Bde was not an operational unit; it was an
administrative headquarters in England used
to bring follow-on force into France”
Why are the
Soldiers from 2nd Bn, 401st
Gli Inf men buried under a different Division when
the 507th and the 508th Prcht
Inf Regiments were buried as the 82nd Abn
Div? Technically the 508th Abn Div was attached not
assigned as well to the 82nd Abn Div like the 2nd
Bn, 401st 2nd. The 2nd Abn Inf Bde was not an
Administrative Hq & Hq Co but went into both
Normandy and then the Netherlands.
Of course the 508th Prcht
Inf Soldiers are buried under the 82nd Abn Div, same
for the 501st who were attached as well (101st
Abn Div). So technically the 501st and the 508th
should be under the 2nd Abn Inf Bde Hq & Hq Co for burial
in that case as they were suborned to the 2nd Abn
Inf Bde Hq & Hq Co using the U.S. Army Center of History
“Often the official record does not agree with the
memories and the unit histories that emerge after a
Unit histories are
official histories and use original source
material. Where Mr. Moore is getting the above
information is once again unknown. The Mr. Moore
Citation ORDER OF BATTLE OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY
as mentioned is flawed with numerous errors.
“401st GIR to be
part of the 101st Airborne Division,
as was the other
battalions of that regiment”
There was only one
more Battalion in the 401st Gli Inf and
that was the 1st Bn, 401st Gli
Inf. Mr. Moore work is not good. Also the term GIR
was not in the lexicon during WWII.
“retrieve any of
the morning reports
or other unit reports, they may be found at
the National Archives in College Park”
No, they are in
St. Louis at NARA there.
“I cannot vouch for any graves markings- they are
neither the responsibility
of the Center of Military History, nor are they
considered source documents
for the purpose of the official history of the Army”
These records are
from the IDPFs which are source documentation for
Army History as that is where the documentation came
from. Once again Mr. Moore is wrong and by saying
it’s not the responsibility of his office is not
true. I have attached 6 Soldiers who were killed
and buried in the USA after the War as 82nd
Abn Div Soldiers.
In fact the three of the Headstones mentioned in the
previous sentence are in National Cemeteries (Long
Island National Cemetery, Quincy National Cemetery &
the Beverly National Cemetery).
“many of whom in
the 2d Bn, 401st GIR fought with (some
of whom died)”
Some who died?
218 men in total were not “some of”. That is just
an insult to the men from the 2nd Bn, 401st
“a long-standing combat relationships of the
battalion with the 82d does not
It wasn’t a long
standing relationship it was a permanent one.
Here are the last
highlighted in green errors, “Siddell-
You may be rude and abrasive” I hope I
didn’t hurt Mr. Moore’s feelings! In the last two
emails from him he spells my name wrong. Didn’t
hurt my feelings though. He is trying to hide the
fact he is not good at this part of his job.
The ABMC and the
U.S. Army Center of History don’t want to fess up
and admit their errors. They also don’t want to pay
for the 92 Soldiers Headstone replacements needed.
Two last notes of
interest. Mr. Moore cites the Manuscript of
December of 1945 saying the 2nd Bn, 401st
Gli Inf was still part of the 101st Abn
Div until March of 1945. The Army Historian S.L.A.
Marshall who wrote the REGIMENTAL UNIT STUDY NUMBER
4 (Interviews done just after Normandy)
mentions the 3rd Bn, 325th Gli
They were published by History Section European
Theater of Operations.
has them listed as the 3rd Bn, 325th
Gli Inf. You can’t much more authoritative that the
official Army Historian. Yet Mr. Moore has based
his records on someone whose name he refuses to
furnish his/their names and the fact there are many
The second is that
the General Orders for Awards for the 2nd
Bn, 401st Gli Inf were written by the 82nd
Abn Div, not the 101st Abn Div. I have a
few examples listed.
This shows the extract for F/Sgt Kneale and then the
Citation on the next page.
and the 101st Abn Div wanted a full Gli
Inf Regiment which means 3 Battalions. The only way
they could do that was to split the 401st
Gli Inf. The 82nd only had one Gli Inf
Regt the 325th Gli Inf.
The request was
sent ahead to SHAEF/Eisenhower office and the
request was sent to Washington. This was sent ahead
before March of 1944. On March 10, 1944 The 2nd
Bn left the 101st Abn Div and was
permanently attached to the 325th Gli Inf
Regt in the 82nd Abn Div. The 2nd
Bn of the 401st Gli Inf became the 3rd
Battalion of the 325th Gli Inf. The
designation was 2nd Bn 401st
Gli Inf, 325th Gli Inf, 82nd
It took Washington
10 months to give their official OK. The 401st
Gli Inf was disbanded on March 1, 1945 and
officially became the 3rd Battalion of
the 325th. In reality nothing had
changed since the year before because the 2nd
Battalion of the 401st Gli Inf had been
the 3rd Battalion of the 325th
since the move in 1944.
Bn of the 401st Gli Inf was attached to
the 327th Gli Inf, 101st Abn
Div on March 7, 1944. They became the 3rd
Battalion of the 327th. It became
official when disbanded at the beginning of March
As of March 10,
1944 the 3rd Bn of the 325th
Gli Inf was listed as follows;
Det A Hq Co
Det A Serv Co
Det A Med
Hq Co 2nd Bn
Hq Co 3rd
The March 1, 1945
there name was changed officially to the 3rd
Bn, 325th Gli Inf.
As mentioned there
are numerous Army documents showing that the 2nd
Bn, 401st Gli Inf was part of the 82nd
At the very least
they should be listed as 2nd Bn, 401st
Gli Inf or just 401st Gli Inf Regt but
that would still leave the average person confused
to say the least on a Headstone.
Sir, if you have
any questions please contact me. This is a sad day
when the U.S. Army Center of History and the ABMC
uses excuses to hide there shabby work ethic.
December 3, 2015
 401st 84 Men Sent
 Folder emails between
Moore and Siddall